Introduction to India

India also known as Bharat and Hindustan, the seventh largest country in the world is a land of culture, tradition, diversity and beauty spread over an area of 3.28 billion square kilometres with approximately 1.21 Billion inhabitants ( making it the second most populous democracy after China, dwelling in 28 states and 7 union territories speaking more than 20 languages and countless dialects is also known for its Indus Valley Civilization history. Hindi and English are the main forms of administrative languages. Hinduism is the dominant religion followed by Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Parsi amongst others. Turning into a Federal Democratic Republic post-independence India has an elected government with a multi-party system.

India has seen invasions by the Persians, the Mughal, the Portuguese, the French and the British. The landmark of which can be seen even today with the Mughal architectures in the northern parts of the country, the French architecture and settlements in Pondicherry and the Portuguese in Goa.

The first and foremost challenge India has been facing from a long time is over population which has seen a considerably low growth in 2011 in comparison to the previous counts. Population growth has created deltas such as unemployment, illiteracy and poverty that are recuperating notably. The threat to internal security arises from terrorism which has been a major cause post-independence era. The unseen threats that are of significant concern are that of oil price rise, urbanization, commodity price rise that are to a very large extent triggered by climate change.

India and Climate Change

With close economic ties to natural resources and climate-sensitive sectors triggered by the drivers of carbon emission, India may face a major threat, and require serious adaptive and mitigation capacities to combat climate change. The drivers that cause an impact on Climate Change in India are basically by the increasing use of cars by the increasing population and industrialization, use of toxic plastics, urbanisation, deforestation, over exploitation of natural and fossil generated energy, agriculture, water and forestry resulting on adverse impacts on health, soil, drinking water, flora and fauna, economy and ecology.

As a developing country, India can little afford the risks and economic backlashes that industrialized nations can. With 27.5% of the population is indeed still below the poverty line. A National Action Plan on Climate Change is being implemented in order to reduce the vulnerability to the impacts of climate change such as bad health, soil erosion, forced migration, scarcity of drinking water, extinctions of flora and fauna, economic imbalance, deforestation…

The very need of the hour is to create awareness on the potentialities of renewable energy like the solar and the wind energy with the Sun having a significant appearance over the country, efficient waste management, stringent environmental laws, encouraging public transportation… In aiding ‘Grounding Our Future‘, we try to find a common message, that reaches people of different social and linguistic backgrounds.

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